Sweden Starts Operations of World's First Fossil-Free Steel Plant

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September 1, 2020

World's First Fossil-Free Steel Plant Opened by the Swedish Prime Minister


Swedish Prime Minister Stefan Löfven has opened the world’s first (pilot) steel plant where steel will be produced by using hydrogen instead of coking coal. Swedish green steel venture HYBRIT started test operations on Monday, August 31 in Lulea, Sweden. 


Fossil-Free Steel-Making Technology Without Carbon Footprint


In 2016, SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall joined forces to create HYBRIT – an initiative that endeavors to revolutionize steel-making. HYBRIT aims to replace coking coal, traditionally needed for ore-based steel making, with hydrogen. The result will be the world’s first fossil-free steel-making technology, with virtually no carbon footprint. Instead of CO2 emissions the by-product will be water.


SSAB aims for the first fossil-free steel to be commercially available by 2026, and to become fossil free in its operations by 2045. If successful, HYBRIT means that Sweden’s CO2 emissions can be reduced by 10% and Finland’s by 7%. 

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Image: HYBRIT Fossil-Free Steel-Making Process

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